Vegetables that Start with the Letter G

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Green beans

When it comes to healthy and delicious eating, vegetables play a crucial role in any balanced diet. And today, we’re going to take a look at some of the best vegetables that start with the letter “G.” From the familiar to the lesser known, these greens are sure to provide your body with a wealth of essential vitamins, minerals, and nutrients. (See also Fruits that Start with G and Fruits and Vegetables that Start with G)

Table of Contents

Vegetables that Start with G

Green Beans

Green beans, otherwise referred to as snap beans or string beans, are a well-loved and versatile vegetable enjoyed by individuals across the globe. From the classic American green bean casserole to the Asian cuisine’s stir-fried garlic green beans, these elongated pods have found a place in many culinary delights. These beans offer fiber, vitamins A, C, and K, iron, folate, and potassium, making them not just flavorful but nutritious as well.

Green beans in a bowl
Green Beans are a popular vegetable that start with the letter G

Green beans are bright green and boast a crunchy texture with a slightly sweet and nutty flavor. They can be consumed either raw or cooked, making them a popular addition to salads, casseroles, and stir-fries. Also, the low calorie and fat content of green beans make them an excellent healthy snack or side dish.

Green Bell Peppers

Bell peppers, also known as capsicums, are a sweet, juicy, and crisp vegetable, abundant in vitamin C. Usually consumed raw, they also have the versatility to be cooked and utilized in a variety of dishes. Bell peppers, in various colors such as green, red, yellow, and orange, are staple ingredients in salads, sandwiches, and stir-fries globally. These peppers can be stuffed with cheese, rice, or other ingredients, or roasted and served as a side dish, each with a slightly differing flavor and level of sweetness.

Green Cabbage

Green cabbage, particularly popular in Eastern Europe and Asia, is a member of the Brassica family, inclusive of popular vegetables like broccoli and cauliflower. This nutritious vegetable is low in calories and high in fiber, vitamins C and K, folate, potassium, and iron. With a mild, slightly sweet flavor and a crisp, crunchy texture, green cabbage is often utilized in salads, coleslaw, and stir-fries, but can also be roasted, boiled, or steamed. Stuffed cabbage, a popular dish made with green cabbage, involves filling the leaves with a mixture of meat, rice, and spices, then baking to perfection.

Green Peas

Green peas, enjoyed by individuals of all ages, are a nutritious addition to many dishes. With a sweet and slightly starchy flavor, tender texture, and low calorie and fat content, green peas offer fiber, vitamins C and K, and protein. They are mostly consumed cooked but also make for a healthy addition in raw form, especially in salads and dips. Green peas are a popular ingredient in soups and stews.

Gai Lan

Gai Lan, also known as Chinese broccoli, is a leafy green vegetable with thick stems and small clusters of florets. With a slightly bitter flavor, Gai Lan is often stir-fried, steamed, or added to soups. This vegetable is a good source of vitamins A and C, iron, and calcium.


Garlic, a pungent and aromatic bulb, adds flavor to dishes in cooking. Hailing from Central Asia, garlic has been utilized for thousands of years for both culinary and medicinal purposes. With vitamins B6 and C, as well as antioxidants, garlic offers nutritional benefits while helping to protect the body from damage caused by free radicals.


These tiny green cucumbers pack a punch in flavor with their tangy, sour taste. Often found as a condiment on burgers and sandwiches, gherkins bring a tang to your taste buds.


This underground stem, native to Southeast Asia, boasts a pungent yet slightly sweet taste that makes it a staple in cooking. It’s also a popular remedy for various ailments, from digestive issues to joint pain.

Globe Artichoke

With its thistle-like appearance and edible flower buds, this vegetable offers a nutty, slightly bitter taste. Serve it as an appetizer or add it to your salad for a tasty and nutritious meal.

Green Onion

Also known as scallion, this type of allium is a common ingredient in cooking to add flavor. Its mild, slightly sweet taste can be enjoyed raw in salads, cooked in soups or stir-fries, or used as a garnish.

Guinea Squash

With its light green skin and creamy, slightly sweet flesh, this tropical vegetable is a staple in stews, soups, and curries. Often called opo squash, it’s a staple in African cuisine.

Gai Choy

Also known as Chinese mustard greens, this leafy green is widely used in Asian cooking. With a slightly bitter flavor, it’s often stir-fried, steamed, or added to soups. High in vitamins A and C, iron, and calcium, it’s a nutritious addition to your plate.


This versatile vegetable belongs to the cucurbit family and can be used for crafts or household items due to its rough exterior and hollow interior. When young and tender, gourds can be eaten and used in soups, stews, and stir-fries.

Guava Leaves

The leaves of the guava tree, these are prized for their medicinal properties including antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds. They can be consumed as teas, extracts, or topical treatments and are commonly used for digestive issues, skin problems, and fever.


A leafy green vegetable related to spinach and chard, this ingredient boasts a mild, earthy flavor. Use it in salads, stir-fries, or soups for a healthy boost of vitamins A and C, iron, and calcium.

Great Burdock

This root vegetable, native to Asia and Europe, offers a bitter, earthy taste and is often used in traditional remedies. Young and tender roots can be eaten as a vegetable, pickled, or added to stews and soups.

Garden Cress

With its spicy, peppery flavor, this leafy green is a great addition to sandwiches, salads, and soups. High in vitamins A and C, iron, and calcium, it’s also high in antioxidants, making it a nutritious choice.

Golden Beets

These golden-yellow beets are sweeter in taste than red beets and can be roasted, pickled, or used raw in salads. A good source of fiber, vitamins A and C, and potassium, golden beets add a pop of color and flavor to any dish.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, the letter “G” offers a rich variety of nutritious and delicious vegetables to include in your diet. From greens like collard greens, to root vegetables like ginger, there are many options to choose from when it comes to filling your plate with healthy, wholesome greens. So, be sure to add a few “G” veggies to your grocery list, and start reaping the many health benefits they offer.

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